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QINGHONG HOLDINGS

QINGHONG HOLDINGS

Focusing on hot-rolled seamless pipe technology and equipment

The company is a national high-tech enterprise, a "specialized and special new" enterprise in Shanxi Province, with a provincial enterprise technology center in Shanxi Province, and a R & D team composed of experts, professors, senior engineers and other professional and technical personnel.

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05

2018

-

05

How big is the gap between India's steel industry and China's?

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China and India are the two countries with the largest international population. China has tens of millions more people than India. The steel output value of my country and India ranks first and third in the world, with an annual output scale of more than 0.1 billion tons, but my country's crude steel output value is about 8.5 times that of India's crude steel output value.

Between 2006 and 2015, China's apparent steel consumption (crude steel equivalent) rose from 0.393 billion tons to more than 0.7 billion tons, an increase of 78.0; in the same period, the apparent consumption of Indian steel rose from more than 4900 tons to more than 8900 tons, an increase of 82.0. In 2015, the apparent consumption of steel in China was about 7.8 times that of India. According to per capita accounting, China's per capita apparent consumption of crude steel in 2015 is more than 7 times that of India.

Crude steel output value comparison

Judging from the positive number, China's crude steel output value has now accounted for half of the global crude steel output value, while India's crude steel output value accounted for only about 6% of the global output value. Obviously, although India's crude steel output value has now surpassed the United States and ranked third in the world, my country's crude steel output value is more than 8 times that of India's crude steel output value.

The calculation data released by the International Iron and Steel Association (WSA) show that during the period from 2006 to 2016, China's crude steel output value increased from 0.421 billion tons to 0.8084 billion tons, an increase of 92.0 percent, an average annual increase of 9.2 percentage points; India's crude steel output value increased from 49.45 million tons to 95.62 million tons, an increase of 93.4 percent, an average annual increase of 9.3 percentage points; the share of China's crude steel output value and India's crude steel output value decreased slightly from 8.51 times to 8.45 times. Obviously, roughly speaking, during this period, China's crude steel output value and India's crude steel output value all increased simultaneously, India because of the small base, the increase rate is slightly higher than China's 0.1 percentage points, while China's steel output value is still 8.5 times that of India's steel output value. In most years during this period, China's steel output value was 9 times or even more than 10 times that of India.

As can be seen from Figure 1, the size of the crude steel output value of China and India from 2005 to 2016 and its increase and change links. In 2011, China's crude steel output value increased more than India. As long as 2008 makes an exception, because this year my country's steel industry was hit by the financial turmoil and suffered severely; while the increase in the Indian steel industry was relatively stable and gentle, and the degree of damage was relatively small. After 2012, China's crude steel output value increased throughout less than India. However, since 2014, India's steel production has not been stable and has been shaken greatly.

In the first half of 2017, my country's crude steel output value in each month showed a trend of shaking and rising, which is a detailed manifestation of my country's continuous economic growth and professional development. At the same time, India's steel production has shown a dramatic volatility (see Figure 2).

The output value of hot-rolled steel is compared.

From the positive number of view, China's hot-rolled steel output value has now accounted for more than half of the global hot-rolled steel output value, 2013~2015, China's hot-rolled steel output value of practice accounted for 53.3 percent, 53.0 percent and 53.2 percent respectively. In the same period, India's share of global output value of hot-rolled steel was 5.3 per cent, 5.6 per cent and 5.6 per cent respectively. Obviously, the output value of hot rolled steel in India is about 1/10 of that in China.

The 2016 edition of the International Iron and Steel Association's Iron and Steel Calculation Yearbook shows that from 2006 to 2015, China's hot-rolled steel output value increased from 0.3855 billion tons to 0.8495 billion tons, more than doubling, with an increase rate of 120.4 percent and an average annual increase of 13.4 percent. During the same period, India's hot-rolled steel output value increased from 50.31 million tons to 89.93 million tons, an increase of 78.8 percent, with an average annual increase of about 8.8 percent. The share of China's hot-rolled steel output value and India's hot-rolled steel output value has increased from 7.66 times to 9.45 times. Obviously, during this period, the output value of hot-rolled steel in China and the output value of hot-rolled steel in India are increasing rapidly, and the average annual increase rate of China is 4.6 percentage points higher than that of India. At present, the output value of hot rolled steel in China is about 9.5 times of the output value of hot rolled steel in India. In 2010, the output value of hot rolled steel in China was 12 times that of India (see Table 1 for detailed data).

Comparison of crude steel product structure

According to the current practice, China's crude steel product structure is advanced, higher than the international average level; India's crude steel product structure is backward, far lower than the international average level.

In the ranking table of the percentage of continuous casting billets and steel ingots in the total output value of crude steel in the world's leading steel producing countries, the proportion of continuous casting billets in China has reached 98.3, which is very little different from that in the United States, Japan and South Korea, and is at the international advanced level. China's steel ingots account for 1.5~1.6, which is also basically appropriate to that in the United States, Japan and South Korea. However, India's crude steel product structure level is low, in the international leading steel producing countries in a significant backward position. (See Table 2 for detailed data)

In the two years of 2014 and 2015, the percentage of continuous casting billets and ingots of crude steel products in the total output value of crude steel in the world's leading steel producing countries has not changed significantly, and the ranking is almost unchanged. In the meantime, the proportion of continuous casting billets in China was stable at 98.3 percent, while the proportion of steel ingots was shaken by 0.1 percentage points, rising from 1.5 percent to 1.6 percent. The proportion of continuous casting billets in India was 82.8 per cent and 84.2 per cent, up 1.4 percentage points, while the proportion of ingots in India was 17.2 per cent and 15.7 per cent, down 1.5 percentage points. On the whole, although India's crude steel product structure is improving, it is still 12 percentage points away from the international average, and the distance from my country's continuous casting billet ratio is as high as 14.1 percentage points.

comparison of steelmaking process

Compared with the steelmaking process in the steel production of China and India, on the whole, China's steelmaking process structure is reasonable, advanced skills, in line with the international steel production trend, while India's steelmaking process structure is not reasonable, skills are relatively backward, and the average level of international steel production is still a significant distance.

Among the major international steel-producing countries, converter steel from China, Japan, South Korea, Germany, Brazil, Russia and Ukraine accounts for a relatively high proportion of the total crude steel output value of all countries, all above 66%, while China's embodiment is outstanding, accounting for more than 90%. The electric furnace steel of a small number of countries such as Italy, the United States, Turkey and India accounts for a higher proportion of the total crude steel output value of each country, all around 60%, and the proportion of a single country exceeds 70%. In the meantime, the proportion of converter steel and electric furnace steel in China was stable at 93.9 per cent and 6.1 per cent, respectively, while the proportion of converter steel and electric furnace steel in India increased from 42.4 per cent to 42.9 per cent and decreased from 57.5 per cent to 57.1 per cent, respectively.

According to the data of the 2016 edition of the "Iron and Steel Calculation Yearbook" of the International Iron and Steel Association, we have collected and classified the output value of converter steel and flat furnace steel in China and India from 2006 to 2015 and their proportion in the total output value of crude steel, which are calculated in Tables 3 and 4 respectively.

As can be seen from Table 3, at the top of the list, China's converter steel output value was about 0.3767 billion tons in 2006, accounting for 89.5 percent of the total crude steel output value. In 2015, China's converter steel output value rose to about 0.755 billion tons, accounting for 93.9 percent of the total crude steel output value. During this period, China's converter steel output value doubled and the proportion of crude steel increased by 4.4 percentage points. Second, in 2006, the output value of converter steel in India was 20.8 million tons, accounting for 42.1 per cent of the total output value of crude steel; by 2015, the output value of converter steel in India had risen to about 38.2 million tons, accounting for 42.9 per cent of the total output value of crude steel; during this period, the output value of converter steel in India had increased by 83.7 per cent, and the proportion of total crude steel had increased by 0.8 percentage points.

As can be seen from Table 4: at the top of the list, China has now screened open-hearth steelmaking equipment, in 2006~2015, China has not been producing open-hearth steel, output value and total crude steel accounted for zero. Second, in 2006, India's output value of open-hearth steel was 465000 tons, accounting for 0.9 percent of the total output value of crude steel; in 2014, India's output value of open-hearth steel fell to 35000 tons, accounting for 0.0 percent of the total output value of crude steel; in 2015, India stopped producing open-hearth steel.

From 2006 to 2015, the output value of electric furnace steel in China, India and the world and its proportion in the total output value of crude steel appeared. In 2006, the output value of electric furnace steel in China was about 44.2 million tons, accounting for 10.5 percent of the total output value of crude steel. By 2015, the output value of electric furnace steel in China will rise to 48.8 million tons, while the ratio of the total output value of crude steel will drop to 6.1. During this period, the output value increased by 10.4, the proportion of total crude steel fell by 4.4 percentage points. In contrast, in 2006, the output value of electric furnace steel in India was about 28.2 million tons, accounting for 57.0 percent of the total output value of crude steel; by 2015, the output value of electric furnace steel in India rose to about 50.8 million tons, accounting for 57.1 percent of the total output value of crude steel; during this period, the output value of electric furnace steel in India increased by 80.3 percent, and the proportion of total crude steel increased by only 0.1 percentage points.

Hearth steelmaking is a backward steelmaking process, which has been screened in most steel producing countries in China and the world, and it was not until 2015 that India completely stopped this process. This is enough to explain the backwardness of India's steel production skills and equipment.

Compared with electric furnace steelmaking, converter steelmaking has high output value, low cost and low power consumption. Therefore, it is the development trend of global ordinary steel production. However, the electric furnace steelmaking with scrap steel as the material can better ensure the quality of the steel, reduce the cost and improve the power.

The crude steel production of the Indian steel industry is dominated by electric furnace steelmaking, mainly because of its poor innate endowment and the influence of many human factors. In recent years, the output value of electric furnace steel in India accounts for about 60% of its crude steel output value, accounting for nearly 70% at the highest. However, due to the lack of accumulation of scrap resources in India, the supply of scrap resources is serious and the quality is poor. Together, the lack of power and the instability of power supply brought about by India's weak power infrastructure will further aggravate the difficulties faced by its electric furnace industry, and then directly affect the development of the country's steel industry.

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Qing Hong

Perforator

Taiyuan Qing Hong Intelligent Equipment Co., Ltd.

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